Metropolitan Cathedral of Buenos Aires
Metropolitan Cathedral of Buenos Aires, all the details about one of the main temples of the Catholic Church in the country.
Located in front of the Plaza de Mayo, at the intersection of San Martín and Rivadavia Avenues, in the heart of the Buenos Aires Downtown.
Its construction has a fairly long history, but here we are going to tell you the most important details, since the current building that you are going to visit is not the original, but its sixth version!
The reasons behind so much renovation in the building are due to structural defects, precarious materials in some constructions, floods or fires. The first construction was in the year 1593, when it was just a very simple chapel made of adobe. The definitive construction began in the year 1752, which was completed 100 years later (in the year 1852).
It has a profile similar to that of a Greek temple, with a neoclassical structure, far from the typical aesthetic of a popular cathedral. It has 12 columns representing the 12 apostles of Jesus. Inside, you will find naves, side chapels and a transept under a 41m-high dome.
On its façade, you will be able to see beautiful ornamentations from the year 1860, made by Joseph Dubourdieu, a French sculptor who made the figure of the top of the Pyramid of May. The representation on the front of the Cathedral is the meeting between James and his son Joseph, in Egypt.
In 1877, one of the side naves was reformed in order to carry out the construction of the Mausoleum of General José de San Martín. Affirmatively, this is where the remains of this hero so important to the history of Argentina rest.
In the middle of the Cathedral stands the High Altar, of great proportion and made in gold with details in carved wood. Included in the specific points that stand out for you to see in this Cathedral, there is the Dome with the Renaissance frescoes, the Mausoleum of San Martín, the Venetian mosaic floor that was made in England, the Chapel of Saint Martin of Tours, the carved and Baroque-style main altar, and the Tubular Organ of German origin.
In 1942, this Cathedral was declared a National Historical Monument, considered one of the most important works of colonial architecture in the country.
From Monday to Friday from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m., Saturdays and Sundays from 9 a.m. to 7:30 p.m., you can visit this Cathedral. In addition, it offers guided tours and audio guides available in several languages.
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